Types of Heating and Cooling Systems


If you’re having issues with your HVAC system or you’re just moving into a new home or commercial building, you’ll need to know how heating and cooling systems work so that you can maintain the systems correctly and get the right repairs as needed. Here is an overview of the systems you may have to choose from.

These days, mot air conditioning systems are central cooling systems. This involves supply and return ducts to move air from the unit to the inside of a home or residential building. Supply ducts are utilized to pour cold air into a room or home, and the return ducts collect the air that is in the room. This process is repeated until the room reaches the desired temperature. There are generally two types of cooking system: packaged units or split systems.

Split systems are on the outside of a home or building or on the roof where the condenser and compressor are. The heat pump and evaporator is often positioned on the inside of the building.  Packaging central cooling systems are the systems in which the evaporator, compressor and condenser are installed together and all positioned on the building’s exterior. In the fall and winter, the systems use electric heat with electric coals. The air that is collected and heated or cooled travels down the ducts and ends up in the home or building. The benefits of a central air conditioning system include efficiency and less noise. These systems are also easy to manage.

You should also know about VRF and VRV air conditioning systems. VRF stands for variable refrigerator flow and VRV is variable refrigerant volume. For the most part, these cooling systems are found in large commercial buildings like hotels, hospitals and office spaces. This type of system can cool large areas easily and are energy-efficient.

Keep in mind the central heating systems are essentially the same thing as central cooling systems. However, with heating systems, there is a component used just for eating, such as a furnace or electric coal. This component is used to burn fuel or create steam or heat. This heat is blown through the duct system to heat the building. These systems are usually quiet and you can operate them easily.

There are also convention heating systems, also called forced air heating systems. These are often used with central heating. With these units, a fan blows air over a component that generates heat; electric heat coil is used in most of these systems. With forced heating systems, the warm air collects closer to the ceilings, so the area can feel unevenly heated.

If you need to have your cooling or heating system repaired, or if you’re having a home built and don’t know which system would be right for you, talk to an HVAC professional who can give you the right recommendation for your building based on the home’s structure and your heating and cooling needs. Be sure to get recommendations for HVAC professionals so you can choose the best company for the job.